Varicoceles are enlarged varicose veins that develop in the scrotum and prevent blood from flowing properly. Varicoceles are found in 15% of all men, but in up to 40% of men being evaluated for infertility. Although they may be a factor in male infertility, recent studies question whether surgery to correct varicoceles has any beneficial effect.  An improvement in semen quality can be expected in roughly 67% of patients who have varicocele ligation, with improvement most likely to be an increase in sperm motility rather than sperm count. The pregnancy rate following varicocele repair is approximately 40%, with pregnancy occurring an average of 6-9 months after surgery.

The varicocele remains the most correctable factor when poor semen quality is discovered, but since it is a very common lesion, the operation should only be considered if other infertility risk factors are absent. Varicoceles can be corrected by venous embolization, laparoscopy or through a small inguinal or subinguinal incision.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Please contact Legacy Male Health Institute, P.A for male infertility treatments in Dallas, Ft Worth, Plano, North Dallas, Irving & Las Colinas areas.

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